例: how much is the shirt?
a. £ 19.15. b. £ 9.18. c. £ 9.15.
1. what will jack probably do this weekend?
a. go camping. b. visit a friend. c. watch a film.
2. what does the woman ask the man to do?
a. take care of her bags. b. pack the food for her. c. check the train schedule.
3. when will the man see bob?
a. this friday. b. this saturday. c. next monday.
4. why does the man apologize?
a. for the terrible food. b. for the overcharge. c. for the waiteru0026#39;s rudeness.
5. what are the speakers talking about?
a. writing a book. b. holding a celebration. c. buying a present.
6. why does sara make the phone call?
a. to ask for advice. b. to arrange an outing. c. to cancel an appointment.
7. what does david want to do?
a. go to a dinner party. b. talk to sara in person. c. work on the new case.
8. where is jim now?
a. in a taxi. b. on a bus. c. in his office.
9. what is the womanu0026#39;s suggestion?
a. going to the city center. b. taking a short cut home. c. meeting jim in the park.
10. what did clara do at the weekend?
a. she planted vegetables. b. she went to a yard sale. c. she visited her grandpa.
11. what did mark find inside one of the books he bought?
a. a plane ticket. b. a family photo. c. a post card.
12. where does mark live?
a. los angeles. b. chicago. c. philadelphia.
13. what is the relationship between mark and ashley?
a. brother and sister. b. husband and wife. c. father and daughter.
14. what is probably the woman?
a. a teacher. b. a journalist. c. an athlete.
15. what does victor find difficult as a member of the basketball team?
a. adapting himself to the intense training.
b. dealing with the pressure from the coach.
c. regaining the skills learned in high school.
16. what does victor say about the players on the team?
a. they are of the same age. b. they are similar in character. c. they are from different countries.
17. how does victor feel about his team now?
a. itu0026#39;s about to break up. b. itu0026#39;s the best in indiana. c. itu0026#39;s getting stronger.
18. who is tom hokinson?
a. founder of a magazine. b. publisher of a novel. c. editor of a newspaper.
19. what do we know about the content of the idler?
a. itu0026#39;s old-fashioned. b. itu0026#39;s wide -ranging. c. itu0026#39;s student-targeted.
20. why does the speaker give the talk?
a. to do a promotion. b. to discuss an issue. c. to introduce a lecturer.
bike rental u0026 guided tours
welcome to amsterdam, welcome to macbike. you see much more from the seat of a bike! cycling is the most economical, sustainable and fun way to explore the city, with its beautiful canals, parks, squares and countless lights. you can also bike along lovely landscapes outside of amsterdam.
macbike has been around for almost 30 years and is the biggest bicycle rental company in amsterdam. with over 2,500 bikes stored in our five rental shops at strategic locations, we make sure there is always a bike available for you. we offer the newest bicycles in a wide variety, including basic bikes with foot brake (刹车), bikes with hand brake and gears (排挡), bikes with child seats, and children’s bikes.
hand brake, three gears
foot brake, no gears
1 day (24 hours)
each additional day
guided city tours
the 2.5-hour tour covers the gooyer windmill, the skinny bridge, the rijksmuseum, heineken brewery and much more. the tour departs from dam square every hour on the hour, starting at 1:00 pm every day. you can buy your ticket in a macbike shop or book online.
21. what is an advantage of macbike?
a. it gives children a discount. b. it of offers many types of bikes.
c. it organizes free cycle tours. d. it has over 2,500 rental shops.
22. how much do you pay for renting a bike with hand brake and three gears for two days?
a. €15.75. b. €19.50. c. €22.75. d. €29.50.
23. where does the guided city tour start?
a. the gooyer, windmill. b. the skinny bridge.
c. heineken brewery. d. dam square.
when john todd was a child, he loved to explore the woods around his house, observing how nature solved problems. a ditry stream, for example, often became clear after flowing through plants and along rocks where tiny creatures lived. when he got older, john started to wonder if this process could be used to clean up the messes people were making.
after studying agriculture, medicine, and fisheries in college, john went back to observing nature and asking questions. why can certain plants trap harmful bacteria (细菌)? which kinds of fish can eat cancer-causing chemicals? with the right combination of animals and plants, he figured, maybe he could clean up waste the way nature did. he decided to build what he would later call an eco-machine.
the task john set for himself was to remove harmful substances from some sludge (污泥). first, he constructed a series of clear fiberglass tanks connected to each other. then he went around to local ponds and streams and brought back some plants and animals. he placed them in the tanks and waited. little by little, these different kinds of life got used to one another and formed their own ecosystem. after a few weeks, john added the sludge.
he was amazed at the results. the plants and animals in the eco-machine took the sludge as food and began to eat it! within weeks, it had all been digested, and all that was left was pure water.
over the years, john has taken on many big jobs. he developed a greenhouse-like facility that treated sewage (污水) from 1,600 homes in south burlington. he also designed an eco-machine to clean canal water in fuzhou, a city in southeast china.
“ecological design” is the name john gives to what he does. “life on earth is kind of a box of spare parts for the inventor,” he says. “you put organisms in new relationships and observe what’s happening. then you let these new systems develop their own ways to self-repair.”
24. what can we learn about john from the first two paragraphs?
a. he was fond of traveling. b. he enjoyed being alone.
c. he had an inquiring mind. d. he longed to be a doctor.
25. why did john put the sludge into the tanks?
a. to feed the animals. b. to build an ecosystem.
c. to protect the plants. d. to test the eco-machine.
26. what is the author’s purpose in mentioning fuzhou?
a. to review john’s research plans. b. to show an application of john’s idea.
c. to compare john’s different jobs. d. to erase doubts about john’s invention.
27. what is the basis for john’s work?
a. nature can repair itself. b. organisms need water to survive.
c. life on earth is figureerse. d. most tiny creatures live in groups.
25届成功开营经验，24年英语教育行业深耕，100000 学生成长、家长好评口碑。这就是我们“奇速”夏 令营。
the goal of this book is to make the case for digital minimalism, including a detailed exploration of what it asks and why it works, and then to teach you how to adopt this philosophy if you decide it’s right for you.
to do so, i figureided the book into two parts. in part one, i describe the philosophical foundations of digital minimalism, starting with an examination of the forces that are making so many people’s digital lives increasingly intolerable, before moving on to a detailed discussion of the digital minimalism philosophy.
part one concludes by introducing my suggested method for adopting this philosophy: the digital declutter. this process requires you to step away from optional online activities for thirty days. at the end of the thirty days, you will then add back a small number of carefully chosen online activities that you believe will provide massive benefits to the things you value.
in the final chapter of part one, i’ll guide you through carrying out your own digital declutter. in doing so, i’ll draw on an experiment i ran in 2018 in which over 1,600 people agreed to perform a digital declutter. you’ll hear these participants’ stories and learn what strategies worked well for them, and what traps they encountered that you should avoid.
the second part of this book takes a closer look at some ideas that will help you cultivate (培养) a sustainable digital minimalism lifestyle. in these chapters, i examine issues such as the importance of solitude (独处) and the necessity of cultivating high-quality leisure to replace the time most now spend on mindless device use. each chapter concludes with a collection of practices, which are designed to help you act on the big ideas of the chapter. you can view these practices as a toolbox meant to aid your efforts to build a minimalist lifestyle that words for your particular circumstances.
28. what is the book aimed at?
a. teaching critical thinking skills. b. advocating a simple digital lifestyle.
c. solving philosophical problems. d. promoting the use of a digital device.
29. what does the underlined word “declutter” in paragraph 3 mean?
a. clear-up. b. add-on. c. check-in. d. take-over.
30. what is presented in the final chapter of part one?
a. theoretical models. b. statistical methods.
c. practical examples. d. historical analyses.
31. what does the author suggest readers do with the practices offered in part two?
a. use them as needed. b. recommend them to friends.
c. evaluate their effects. d. identify the ideas behind them.
on march 7, 1907, the english statistician francis galton published a paper which illustrated what has come to be known as the “wisdom of crowds” effect. the experiment of estimation he conducted showed that in some cases, the average of a large number of independent estimates could be quite accurate.
this effect capitalizes on the fact that when people make errors, those errors aren’t always the same. some people will tend to overestimate, and some to underestimate. when enough of these errors are averaged together, they cancel each other out, resulting in a more accurate estimate. if people are similar and tend to make the same errors, then their errors won’t cancel each other out. in more technical terms, the wisdom of crowds requires that people’s estimates be independent. if for whaterer reasons, people’s errors become correlated or dependent, the accuracy of the estimate will go down.
but a new study led by joaquin navajas offered an interesting twist (转折) on this classic phenomenon. the key finding of the study was that when crowds were further figureided into smaller groups that were allowed to have a discussion, the averages from these groups were more accurate than those from an equal number of independent infigureiduals. for instance, the average obtained from the estimates of four discussion groups of five was significantly more accurate than the average obtained from 20 independent infigureiduals.
in a follow-up study with 100 university students, the researchers tried to get a better sense of what the group members actually did in their discussion. did they tend to go with those most confident about their estimates? did they follow those least willing to change their minds? this happened some of the time, but it wasn’t the dominant response. most frequently, the groups reported that they “shared arguments and reasoned together.” somehow, these arguments and reasoning resulted in a global reduction in error. although the studies led by navajas have limitations and many questions remain the potential implications for group discussion and decision-making are enormous.
32. what is paragraph 2 of the text mainly about?
a. the methods of estimation. b. the underlying logic of the effect.
c. the causes of people’s errors. d. the design of galton’s experiment.
33. navajas’ study found that the average accuracy could increase even if ________.
a. the crowds were relatively small b. there were occasional underestimates
c. infigureiduals did not communicate d. estimates were not fully independent
34. what did the follow-up study focus on?
a. the size of the groups. b. the dominant members.
c. the discussion process. d. the infigureidual estimates.
35. what is the author’s attitude toward navajas’ studies?
a. unclear. b. dismissive. c. doubtful. d. approving.
taking responsibility for mistakes is a positive step, but don’t beat yourself up about them. to err (犯错) is human. 36 you can use the followning writing exercise to help you do this.
in a journal or on a piece of paper, put the heading “personal strengths.” 37 are you caring? creative? generous? a good listener? fun to be around? they don’t have to be world-changing, just aspects of your personality that you’re proud of.
at the top of a second page, put the heading “acts of kindness.” on this one, list all the positive things you’ve done for others. it might be the time when you helped a friend with their homework, when you did the ironing without being asked, or when you baked cookies after the family had had a tiring day. 38
you could ask a friend or family member to help add to your list. 39 that way, you could exchange thoughts on what makes each of you special and the aspects of your personality that shine through. in fact, don’t wait until you’ve made a mistake to try this—it’s a great way to boost self-confidence at any time.
it’s something of a cliché (陈词滥调) that most people learn not from their successes but their mistakes. the thing is, it’s true. 40 we’ re all changing and learning all the time and mistakes are a positive way to develop and grow.
a. a little self-forgiveness also goes a long way.
b. now list all the characteristics you like about yourself.
c. they might even like to have a go at doing the exercise.
d. it’s just as important to show yourself some forgiveness.
e. it doesn’t mean you have to ignore what’s happened or forget it.
f. whatever it is, no matter how small it might seem, write it down.
g. whatever the mistake, remember it isn’t a fixed aspect of your personality.
on oct. 11, hundreds of runners competed in a cross-country race in minnesota. melanie bailey should have 41 the course earlier than she did. her 42 came because she was carrying a 43 across the finish line.
as reported by a local newspaper, bailey was more than two-thirds of the way through her 44 when a runner in front of her began crying in pain. she 45 to help her fellow runner, danielle lenoue. bailey took her am to see if she could walk forward with 46 . she couldn’t. bailey then 47 to let lenoue climb onto her back and carried her all the way to the finish line, then another 300 feet to where lenoue could get 48 attention.
once there, lenoue was 49 and later taken to a hospital, where she learned that she had serious injuries in one of her knees. she would have struggled with extreme 50 to make it to that aid checkpoint without bailey’s help.
as for bailey, she is more 51 about why her act is considered a big 52 . “she was just crying. i couldn’t 53 her,” bailey told the reporter. “i feel like i was just doing the right thing.”
although the two young women were strangers before the 54 , they’ve since become friends. neither won the race, but the 55 of human kindness won the day.
41. a. designed b. followed c. changed d. finished
42. a. delay b. chance c. trouble d. excuse
43. a. judge b. volunteer c. classmate d. competitor
44. a. race b. school c. town d. training
45. a. agreed b. returned c. stopped d. promised
46. a. courage b. aid c. patience d. advice
47. a. went away b. stood up c. stepped aside d. bent down
48. a. medical b. public c. constant d. equal
49. a. interrupted b. assessed c. identified d. appreciated
50. a. hunger b. pain c. cold d. tiredness
51. a. worried b. ashamed c. confused d. discouraged
52. a. game b. problem c. lesson d. deal
53. a. leave b. cure c. bother d. understand
54. a. ride b. test c. meet d. show
55. a. secret b. display c. benefit d. exchange
xiao long bao (soup dumplings), those amazing constructions of delicate dumpling wrappers, encasing hot, 56 (taste) soup and sweet, fresh meat, are far and away my favorite chinese street food. the dumplings arrive steaming and dangerously hot. to eat one, you have to decide whether 57 (bite) a small hole in it first, releasing the stream and risking a spill (溢出), 58 to put the whole dumpling in your mouth, letting the hot soup explode on your tongue. shanghai may be the 59 (recognize) home of the soup dumplings but food historians will actually point you to the neighboring canal town of nanxiang as xiao long hao’s birthplace. there you will find them prepared differently- more dumpling and less soup, and the wrappers are pressed 60 hand rather than rolled. nanxiang aside, the best xiao long bao have a fine skin, allowing them 61 (lift) out of the steamer basket without allowing them tearing or spilling any of 62 (they) contents. the meat should be fresh with 63 touch of sweetness and the soup hot, clear and delicious.
no matter where i buy them, one steamer is 64 (rare) enough, yet two seems greedy, so i am always left 65 (want) more next time.
i’m li hua from class 3.
when i was in middle school, my social studies teacher asked me to enter a writing contest, i said no without thinking. i did not love writing. my family came from brazil, so english was only my second language. writing was so difficult and painful for me that my teacher had allowed me to present my paper on the sinking of the titanic by acting out a play, where i played all the parts. no one laughed harder than he did.
so, why did he suddenly force me to do something at which i was sure to fail? his reply: “because i love your stories. if you’re willing to apply yourself, i think you have a good shot at this.” encouraged by his words, i agreed to give it a try.
i chose paul revere’s horse as my subject. paul revere was a silversmith (银匠) in boston who rode a horse at night on april 18, 1775 to lexington to warn people that british soldiers were coming. my story would come straight from the horse’s mouth. not a brilliant idea, but funny, and unlikely to be anyone else’s choice.
what did the horse think, as sped through the night? did he get tired? have doubts? did he want to quit? i sympathized immediately. i got tired. i had doubts. i wanted to quit. but, like revere’s horse, i kept going. i worked hard. i cheeked my spelling. i asked my older sister to correct my grammar. i checked out a half-dozen books on paul revere from the library. i even read a few of them.
when i handed in the essay to my teacher, he read it, laughed out loud and said, “great. now, write it again.” i wrote it again, and again and again. when i finally finished it, the thought of winning had given way to the enjoyment of writing. if i didn’t win. i wouldn’t care.
a few weeks later, when i almost forgot the contest, there came the mews.
i went to my teacher’ office after the award presentation.
我们奇速夏令营学生遍布全国20多个省份，作为英语夏令营行业领导者品牌。25届成功开营经验，24年 英语教育行业深耕，100000 学生成长、家长好评口碑。用结果说话，能给孩子的就是7天学习3年单词， 英语阅读又快又准。
1-5:cabbc 6-10:cbabc 11-15:acaba 16-20:ccaba（c？）
21-23:bcd 24-27:cdba 28-31:baca 32-35:bdcd
41-45:dadac 46-50:bdabb 51-55:cdacb
56. tasty 57.to bite 58.or 59.recognized 60.by
61.to be lifted 62.their 63.a 64.rarely 65.wanting
iu0026#39;m lihua from class 3. i really appreciate your idea of asking us to practice spoken english after class, but putting the students randomly into pairs may have some problems. if two students have little in common are in a pairs, itu0026#39;ll be difficult for them to find something to talk about whatu0026#39;s more, if the two students are both weak in spoken english, they wonu0026#39;t be able to help each other. so, i wonder if you could allow us to pair up freely and you could make adjustments if necessary. it’ll increase our motivation to speak and learn.
dear foreign teacher,
i am li hua, one of your students. regarding the grouping method for the oral training course, i would like to raise some concerns and suggestions. while it is true that randomly mixing up students can encourage more communication and interaction, there may also be some potential issues to consider.
firstly, random grouping can result in students with vastly different speaking abilities being paired together. this may make some students with stronger communication skills feel inhibited, while those with weaker speaking skills may feel overwhelmed. additionally, some students may feel uneasy and uncomfortable having to work with unfamiliar classmates.
therefore, i suggest that a more thoughtful grouping method be adopted, such as grouping students according to their exam grades, verbal performance, or interests. this would allow each student to practice their spoken english with peers who are of a similar proficiency level, and ones with similar interests, which would serve to enhance student motivation and confidence. this approach also ensures that students with varying abilities have opportunities to develop their language skills.
i hope that my suggestions will be considered. thank you for your attention.
weeks passed, i forgot the competition. thoughts of winning — a pipe dream to begin with — gave way to the enticements of a georgia spring. then came the news. there were two winners from each grade. a lanky, sweet-natured redhead in my class won second place. i won first place. that may have been the first time in my chatty life i was struck dumb, in any language. our teacher hooted with delight, my classmates stared at me in open disbelief, and second-place red gamely shook my hand.
the following week, the winners met with the head of the sponsoring organization. we stood in the office, clutching our plaques and tittering to one another, when a small, birdlike woman entered. she spoke to the adults, then made her way down the line of winners, congratulating each of us and shaking hands. red and i were last. we introduced ourselves. she looked from one to the other. she didn’t speak. she didn’t extend her hand. after a few awkward seconds, she cleared her throat and explained that there had been an embarrassing mistake. then she gently reached down and took our plaques — hands crossing at the wrists, she re-assigned them---- and apologized for the error. i was now the second-place winner.
text 1 周末计划
w: jack, are you going camping with your friends this weekend?
m: it depends. if it’s sunny, we’ll go.
w: the weatherman says it’s going to rain.
m: in that case, we’ll go to the cinema instead.
✱it depends. 视情况而定。
text 2 求助
w: excuse me, could you mind my bags for a moment? i want to buy some food at the convenience store.
m: no problem. but be quick. it was announced that my train will arrive in 10 minutes.
✱convenience store 便利店
text 3 计划与安排
w: mark came out of hospital last friday. have you got a chance to visit him?
m: i plan to see him this saturday.
w: aren’t you going to the conference then?
m: no. it has been rescheduled for next monday.
text 4 因算错账退顾客钱
m: sorry, miss. we made a terrible mistake adding up the bill. here is the ten dollars we have to return to you.
w: oh, i didn’t notice that. it’s ok. don’t blame the waiter. he’s been really nice.
✱make a mistake (in) doing sth. 在做某事时犯错误
✱add up the bill 算账
text 5 新年礼物
w: do you think we should get steve a book for the new year?
m: books are good. but steve wouldn’t take just any book. he has had this particular one on geography.
text 6 相约见面
m: hello, sarah.
w: hello, david. i can’t come for dinner tonight. sorry.
m: oh, what happened?
w: we’ve got a new case and things get pretty crazy here in the office.
m: well, then i’ll come to you.
w: no, no, not tonight. let me see if i can arrange another night.
m: sarah, please. we need to talk. it’s about my job.
w: then tell me on the phone.
m: no, it’s better if we do it in person. how about tomorrow night?
w: i’m not sure. you can give me a call tomorrow afternoon.
✱in person 亲自
✱give sb. a call 给某人打电话
text 7 有客人拜访，着急赶回家
w: jeff will call on us this afternoon. do you know where he is now?
m: er... wait. let me see. he has sent two messages saying that he’s done with his work at the office and got a taxi and... and he’ll arrive in twenty minutes.
w: we can’t keep him waiting outside our home. we have to hurry.
m: but it takes at least half an hour to get to the city center by bus. look at the traffic.
w: let’s get off. we can save at least twenty minutes by walking through the park.
m: are you sure?
w: yes. a hundred percent.
✱call on 拜访；看望
✱be done with sth. 完成某事
✱a hundred percent 完全；百分之百
text 8 意外获得姐姐的一本旧书
w: morning, mark.
m: morning, clara. how was your weekend?
w: great. i went to my grandpa’s. he invited us to pick vegetables on his farm. my daughter had a great time there. what about you?
m: oh, i had a truly incredible experience. i dropped by a yard sale on saturday and got several books.
m: a novel and two poetry collections. as i leafed through the novel, a piece of paper fell out. it was an air ticket from 2012. the flight was from los angeles to chicago and the name on the ticket was ashley louis.
w: was it?
m: yes. ashley, my sister. in 2012, she lived in los angeles and her husband worked in chicago. both of them often flew between two cities. i asked the seller where he got the book. he said it was bought at a second-hand bookstore in los angeles three years ago. last year, he and his family moved from los angeles to philadelphia.
w: so, all the way cross the country, your sister’s old book landed in your hands. that’s really crazy.
✱drop by 偶然访问（某人或某地）；顺便访问
✱yard sale 庭院拍卖
✱poetry collection 诗集
✱leaf through 迅速翻阅
text 9 在印第安纳州上大学的感受
w: victor, you’ve been here in indiana for six weeks now. how are you feeling?
m: i think i’ve got used to college life, going to classes, working out and hanging out with my friends. though there’s pressure to meet deadlines, life here is never boring.
w: what’s been hard about being an indiana basketball player?
m: well, the training is very competitive, weightlifting and running every day. it’s not like high school. in high school, i really didn’t have to do that. i’m just trying to get used to it. and i think i am.
w: at this point, how do you see yourself fitting into this group?
m: i think we’re all different. george is from britain. chris and leo are from australia. i’m from france. and the rest are americans. but i get along with everybody. you know, we are really starting to bond. it’s great to see how we grow each day as a team.
w: thanks, victor. i wish you a very happy and fruitful stay in indiana.
✱meet deadlines 在规定的时间内完成任务或达到目标
✱fit into 适应
✱get along with 与……和睦相处
text 10 鼓励订阅杂志《闲人》
w: good evening, dear listeners. when was the last time you enjoyed leisure activities? do you want to live a full and happy life? today, i’m going to introduce you to a magazine that features the art of living. the idler was launched by tom hodgkinson, back in 1993. with the intention of providing a bit of fun, freedom and achievement in the busy world, it is now published bimonthly. in every issue, you will find an interesting mix of interviews and essays on the good life, history, philosophy, arts and fashion photography. you will find much to laugh at and much useful stuff as well, from recipes for making bacon to guides to housekeeping. if you ever felt that there is more to life than boring jobs, then why not subscribe to it? the idler is a cheering read that makes you feel better about life. you can download the application and subscribe today to get your first issue free.
✱subscribe to 订阅